Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood FAQs Answered! - Women's Health 101

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Tuesday, December 25, 2018

Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood FAQs Answered!

Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood FAQs Answered!

Preserving the umbilical blood for newborns  using cord blood banking institutions,
has become increasingly widespread,
because of the importance of the stem cells in the umbilical cord in the treatment of many blood-related diseases, many types of cancers, in addition to some immune diseases.
The number of cord blood banking facilities that allow families to store their children's umbilical cord blood for future use has also increased globally.

 Private And Public Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood Banking Facilities

The idea of Cord Blood Banking was first introduced in America in 1992,
And then began to spread in the world significantly

Types of Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood Banking

1- Cord Blood Banking available to the public.
  • Where cord blood units are collected, processed and stored for others who do not have an identical donor.
  • The donation to public banks for the umbilical cord blood serves others,
  • And is a source of hope for any patient who does not find a suitable donor bone marrow from his family.
  • They are often funded by national health organizations, where umbilical cord blood units are stored by parents for use by any patient in need.
  • Such banks shall be subject to the supervision of the national regulatory authorities and shall apply the local and international requirements necessary to ensure the safety and effectiveness of such cord blood units.

2- Cord Blood Banking intended for family / self-use
Cord blood units are collected, processed and stored for personal or family use when needed.
The use of umbilical cord blood units is exclusively for the donor himself or a member of his / her family.
These cord blood banking institutions are private institutions operated for profit purposes.
This type of cord blood banking is subject to national control in some countries,
some of which apply local requirements to ensure the safety and effectiveness of its stored units.
Private banks may not observe all the collection and storage controls adopted by public banks,
such as the amount of stored blood and the number of living cells required.
Some argue that cord blood storage in private banks is a lifelong safety insurance for umbilical cord blood.
Parents must ensure that the cord blood banking institution they chose is internationally accredited and enforceable.

3- Joint Cord Blood Banking (Public&Private)
This type of cord blood banking allows parents to choose whether donating it for use to the public or for self-use.
These banks are often private or government institutions that are subject to national control, and they also must apply local and international requirements to ensure the safety and effectiveness of these units. 

Before Rushing To Store Your Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood, Please Consider The Following:

  • Studies have shown that the use of umbilical cord blood is very low,
reaching one out of every 250,000 donors.
  • In addition, studies have shown that the number of stem cells per unit may not cover the needs of the adult patient,
forcing him to return to use the Public Cord Blood Banking.
  • Parents should, therefore, take care of information or advertising campaigns associated with the use of private banks that may be deficient.

Can a mother donate her newborn's umbilical cord blood?

In general, umbilical cord blood is collected in normal pregnancies and births, provided that the fetus is healthy.
The mother carries the risk of transmitting contagious diseases through the blood (even though tattoos or any previous blood infection).
Any infectious component in the blood, such as hepatitis and HIV, as well as the family history of the disease (all diseases that the family may have been exposed to),
will be examined by a special questionnaire plus thorough medical exams to ensure the health of both the donor and accordingly the patient.

What should I do if I decide to donate cord blood?

It is advisable to consult with a competent doctor to determine the eligibility of the mother to donate
and to ensure that the hospital met the specifications and standards of blood collection of an umbilical cord.

The global regulatory authorities set controls for the implementation of such measures to ensure the safety of the mother and fetus, and the recipient of the donated stem cells.

The donation agreement is usually signed during the week 28-34 of pregnancy,
as cord blood banking systems need to follow up on the health status of the pregnant woman and her eligibility,
for several weeks before the date of delivery.

What is the cost of donating cord blood?

The collection and storage of umbilical cord in cord blood banking foundations does not cost the parents any amount (free of charge),
while the cost of the donation to private banks varies from country to country.
The cost of the cord blood banking in the private sector, between collection, transport and storage is up to US $ 5,000
As well as annual storage and storage charges of US $ 600.

What is the secret in the ability of cord blood to treat so many diseases?
Is it actually the elixir of life?
Does it really help to heal more than 80 diseases?
And can adults use it to prolong their age?
All these questions and more will know their answers in this article. . .

What is the secret behind the miraculous abilities of the cord blood?

The umbilical cord is the vital cord that connects the embryo with the mother through the placenta,
which represents the portal of food transmission from the mother to the fetus within the uterus.
researches has found that blood inside the umbilical cord contains a proportion of the primary stem cells,
these special stem cells have the ability to multiply into many types of cells in the body.

What is the importance of stem cells in the newborn umbilical cord blood?

The stem cells in the umbilical cord have the potential to evolve to give several types of specialized cells;
In the sense that it represents an ammunition reserve to compensate any diseased or damaged cells in the human body by any disease.

Does stem cells in the newborn umbilical cord blood serve as an elixir of life?

The answer is NO,
stem cells extracted from the umbilical cord have the ability to develop to give only specific types of cells in the body
And has a limited capacity, according to research studies so far.
It is now known that stem cells extracted from the umbilical cord have the potential to develop into specialized blood cells,
This is similar to stem cells extracted from bone marrow.

However, the stem cells that have a greater ability to develop any kind of cells in the human body are embryonic stem cells,
Which can theoretically be considered a future hope to compensate for any damaged cells in the body.

But There's no possible human way to get such type of cord stem cells,
As the only way to have it will be through the destruction and killing of embryos and the extraction of stem cells in the early stages of pregnancy,
Which is of course, immoral and illegal by all means.

What cord cells are stored for in cord blood banking facilities?

Stem cells extracted from the umbilical cord are stored using cord blood banking systems for any future use.
For mostly the treatment of diseases that lead to the destruction of blood cells such as leukemia, lymphoma and some types of anemia.

How are cord blood stem cells stored?

Newborn Umbilical Cord Bloo

Stem cells extracted from umbilical cord blood are stored in Cord Blood Banking Foundations;
Where the cells can remain usable for up to 10 years.

- Does cord blood actually cures 80 diseases?

The current answer to this question is no;
The ability of cord blood stem cells to treat diseases is limited to a limited number of blood-related diseases that destroy the primary cells responsible for the manufacture of blood components,
These include diseases
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Spleen Disease
  • Myeloma
  • Some other cancers
  • Some types of anemia
  • Immunodeficiency Diseases
  • Diabetic Foot
  • Rheumatism joints
  • Some stroke cases 

⇒And even with treating these diseases using umbilical cord blood,
is not guaranteed 100%, as it vary from one case to another.

As for the future. .
The answer remains uncertain,
as there are many scientific studies that tested the ability of cord blood stem cells to treat some other non-blood-related diseases,
The most important of these studies:
1 - Laboratory studies on animals found that the injection of cord stem cells in the cases of heart clots,
contributed to reduce the size of heart muscle damage caused by stroke by 50%.
2 - Laboratory studies on the effectiveness of umbilical cord stem cells in the improvement of non - drug refractory angina cases and traditional treatments.
3 - Laboratory studies on the ability of stem cells extracted from the umbilical cord blood stem cells to generate patches of damaged blood vessels in the body.
4 - Laboratory studies on the ability of cord blood stem cells to generate new valves can be used in surgeries for newborns with congenital heart defects.

Does cord blood stem cells treat cancer?

At present, stem cells obtained from umbilical cord blood ONLY have the ability to treat specific types of blood-related cancer
Which are linked to cells responsible for the manufacture of blood components such as leukemia and lymphoma.

Summary About  Newborn Umbilical Cord Blood Banking Options

1 - The ability of stem cells extracted from umbilical cord blood is currently limited to the treatment of a limited number of diseases associated with blood.
2. Diseases that umbilical cord cells can treat are rare in nature,
so the likelihood of a baby's need for stem cells ranges between 1/2700 and between 1/200000,
And the chances are very low.
3. In the case of children with genetic diseases,
their own stem cells can not be used,
Because they have the same genetic defect the baby has.
4 - The number of stem cells obtained from the cord blood of one child,
is not enough to supply the stem cells required to treat an adult patient,
In this case,  the patient can always resort to some cord blood banking options to use whether stem cells of another member of the family or even buy some publicly available ones.

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